To see one of the man made wonders of the world Mount Rushmore sculpture located in South Dakota on US is a must see. It is a sculpture that is carved out of the granite rocks on the mountain which is a batholith located in the Black Hills in Keystone area. The design was created by Gutzon Borglum, a sculptor who worked on the project with his son and Luigi Del Bianco for a period of 14 years.
The heads of four presidents of the country were formed which are Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. This memorial park covers an area of 1278.45 acres and is located at a height of 5725 feet above sea level.
The idea was formed by Doane Robinson, who was a South Dakota historian. He formed the idea of getting the faces of famous people carved on the rocks in the Black Hills region so that tourism could be promoted; Mount Rushmore was selected as it had maximum exposure to the sun. Federal funds were gained due to the political patronage of the project and it was completed by 1939. It soon became an iconic symbol and it started to be used in several works of fiction. Today it attracts about two million visitors from all over the world.
The site is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. There is a chamber in the canyon that lies behind the carved faces. There are porcelain enamel panels located in a vault in this chamber; the panels include the text of the Declaration of Independence of the country, the Constitution, biographies of the presidents and history of the country. There are different visitor facilities here as well, such as the Lincoln Borglum Museum, the Presidential Trail and others such as the Hall of Records.